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Technology Has Changed Our World, but Hasn't Done Enough for People with Disabilities (Opinion)
November 21, 2017
[Note:] This article's author, Tatyana McFadden, [won] the women's 400 meter T54 final at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games. Tatyana McFadden is a seven-time gold-medal-winning Paralympian and an ambassador for the Mobility Unlimited Challenge, a global challenge seeking new innovations to transform the world for people with lower-limb paralysis. The opinions in this article belong to the author.
When I was growing up in an orphanage in St. Petersburg [Russia] with spina bifida, my only way to be mobile was to walk on my hands. I had no other option. As a child, I would try to keep up with the other kids solely using my hands for movement.
For me, being mobile was key to my happiness: without it, I simply couldn't join in.
That quest for mobility has been with me my entire adult life. After I'd been adopted and moved to the US, my high school said I wasn't allowed to do track sports simply because I was in a wheelchair.
I didn't take no for an answer, and neither did my adopted mom, Deborah, who took my case to the courts. That case eventually led to the Fitness and Athletics Equity for Students with Disabilities Act in Maryland.
That landmark piece of legislation became federal law. It means that across America, students both with and without disability who never dreamed of competing in athletics teams are able to do so. I fought in the courts and in the statehouse because for me, mobility is freedom. I want that freedom to be extended to more people, and this is where technology can help.
The pace of innovation across the world is breathtaking. The processing power that was a decade ago confined to huge servers is now available in inexpensive smartphones.
Artificial intelligence is predicted to outperform human intelligence at translation, our favorite board games and even driving trucks within the next decade, according to Katja Grace at the University of Oxford. The humble battery is undergoing a revolution too, with the technology to power an entire town from battery power alone within reach.
Yet, for all the incredible advances we've seen in technology in recent years, mobility devices for many disabled people remain stuck in the past.
Big ideas from Maglev trains to space travel capture the public imagination, but often simpler applications of new technologies could make a huge difference to our freedom to move.
Smart assistive mobility devices have incredible potential: imagine a wheelchair that could integrate with our bodies to be more intuitive to our needs?
Yet, the pace of innovation for personal mobility devices has been particularly slow. The first modern wheelchair of Harry C. Jennings, Sr. and his disabled friend Herbert Everest from 1933 is still the prototype for the wheelchair that many people with paralysis use.
If we think of the innovations in motor vehicles or computing in the same period, it's hard to argue that mobility devices have kept pace. And that's not for a lack of ideas either: lots of people have great ideas how to improve mobility for disabled people, but it's a tough market to get into and regulation is often burdensome.
This is why I'm backing Mobility Unlimited, a $4 million global challenge to transform the world of people with lower-limb paralysis. We're looking for the world's creative thinkers from inventors, technologists, designers and engineers, to come forward and submit their ideas on how we can improve mobility for people with lower-limb paralysis.
The challenge offers 10 $50,000 grants to people with a good idea: five finalists will be awarded $500,000 to develop their concepts, and the winner will receive $1 million to turn their idea into reality. I'm proud to be part of this journey and cannot wait to see the winning device unveiled in Tokyo in 2020.
Throughout my life, I've always thought that -- whether disabled or not -- we all go through challenges. Taking on challenges is an important part of living life to the fullest. When I said at 14 to my adoptive parents that I wanted to be an Olympic athlete, they said, "Ok!" and we started training. A year later, I was the youngest member of the American Paralympics team in Athens.
You may doubt whether you can create a new invention that people can use, but if you do have a concept that could change the world for people with lower-limb paralysis, I say, "Seize the day!" There may be more hype around Bitcoin, but innovators could have far more impact if they turned their attention to how they can make the freedom to move available to all. We simply can't let technology leave disabled people behind.
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