Speech impairments may be developmental or be the result of illness or injury. They may be found alone or in combination with other disabilities. Impairments range from problems with articulation or vocal quality to being totally non-verbal. They may include stuttering, chronic hoarseness, difficulty in evoking an appropriate word or term, and esophageal speech (resulting from a laryngectomy). Students with speech impairments may require some minor adaptations in courses that rely on class discussions, questions/answer sessions, or student presentations.
Increased writing, decreased speaking tasks.
Use of a voice output computer or other speech generated technology.
Provision of individual sessions to allow the student to clarify information presented in lecture, since the student may be reluctant to speak in class.
Many students with speech impairments will be hesitant about participating in activities that require speaking. Even if the student has adjusted well to speech impairment, new situations may aggravate old anxieties.
Allow the student time to express him or herself so that confidence can be gained.
Accept and respond to all appropriate attempts at communication.
Resist the temptation to complete words or phrases for persons with speech impairments.
Area of disability
Limited speaking ability.
Augmentative devices such as:
Limited loudness level.
Voice amplification device.
Inability to use telephone.
for the Deaf (TDD).